This gopi is the sister of a cowherd who,unlike the duty-conscious one in the previous verse,totally neglects the daily duty of milking the young she- buffalo so as to be close to Krishna and serving Him. He is called NAR SELVAN ; thereby indicating that for a Srivaishnava it is not the doing or neglect of Nitya Karma which helps attaining salvation,but it is God alone who is the Means for salvation.For example for a temple priest who is always engaged in Antaranga Kainkarya there may be neglect of his daily duties; this would however not be considered as sin . MANATTUKKU INIYAN- Sri Rama,unlike Krishna brings joy to the minds of his devotees as well as adversaries. This is said by Andal,the very personification ofthe Love for Sri Krishna,and hence is the richest tribute paid to Sri Rama.It might be recalled that she,in NACHIYAR TIRUMOZHI goes to the extent of blaming Yashoda for bringing up Krishna to be a very bad boy.(Vembeyaaga valarthaale).It is not such an extraordinary thing or a great wonder if Sri Rama is loved by His devotees and subjects;but when even Ravana is fascinated by His valour,it makes the derivation of His name apt (Ranjaneeyasya Vikramaih). SINATTINAAL - out of anger but without hatred.Rama had no hatred towards Ravana.Actually He wanted Ravana as a devotee;it was Ravana's own hatred which caused his downfall.It was only when he tried attack Hanuman that Rama became furious and showered arrows on Ravana (kopasya Vasameyivaan).So He is always ready to forgive sins against Himself but not against His devotees.13. PULLIN VAAY KEENDAANAI
A girl with bewitching eyes (PODARI KKANNINAAY) is woken up in this verse.She is of the view that Krishna will come to her fascinated by the beauty of her eyes. To add to this she is lying,brooding over Krishna's heroic exploits,in the bed formerly shared with Him and which still retains His fragrance. The statement in the previous verse that Sri Rama scored over Krishna in being "MANATHUKKU INIYAAN" created a sort of mutiny among the girls,some of whom disputed this by saying,"how can Rama be said to be the receptacle of all the virtues? Did He,like Krishna who acted as Pandavaduta,go as messenger for anyone?Didn't Krishna's charms allure even the sages? Even His mischievous pranks are meant for us only. Moreover Krishna is our husband and irrespective of how he treats us,it is not proper for us to praise another as being greater." Some mediators intervened and pointed out that both are the same Sriman Narayana,and so where is the cause for dispute.Thus reconciled the girls split into two halves each praising the glory of Krishna and Rama.This is the excellence of this verse.14. UNGAL PUZHAKKADAI
A gopi who is an expert orator and who is also chief among these girls is woken up.She had promised that she would get up before the rest and wake them up. She has conveniently forgotten all about it and is sleeping comfortably and peacefully.This is an unpardonable crime.But still her inclusion in the group is most essential as,with her silver tongue,she can easily subdue Krishna.Moreover it is essential that not a single girl loses His grace.If she were to sing of Krishna as He appears bearing the discus and conch He is sure to relent. Incidentally Andal tells us, " Use your tongue not merely for tasting delicious dishes,but for singing about the Lotus-eyed One.That was the main purpose for which it was gifted to you in the first place by God."15.YELLE ILANKILIYE
This pasuram which brings out the caharacteristics of a SriVaishnava is considered to be the very essence of Tiruppavai by our Acharyas. The girl who is woken up begins to sing. 1.YELLE ILANKILIYE -the implied sense is that the speech of the devotees is most welcome. 2.INNAM URANGUDIYO -It is wrong to indulge in other things if the company of Bhagavatas is available. 3.CHIL ENRU AZHAYENMIN - Not a single harsh word should be used with the Bhaktas. 4.NANGAIMIR PODARGINREN - Devotees should be addressed respectfully. 5.VALLAI UN KATTURAIGAL - Even the chastisement by a Bhakta (which will always be constructive) should be accepted gratefully. 6.VALLEERGAL NEENGALE NAANE THAN AAYIDUGA - owning others mistakes as one's own is the hallmark of a Sri Vaishnava. For ex. Bharata holds himself responsible for Rama's exile. 7.OLLAI NEE PODAAY - Separation from devotees even for a second is unbearable. 8.UNAKKENNA VERUDAYAI - The path laid down by one's ancestors is to be followed,not what is dictated by one's own mind. 9.ELLAARUM PONDAARO PONDU ENNIKKOL- seeing a congregation of devotees is the most desired fruit in this life.The enjoyment is not complete even if one devotee is missing.Their sight and touch are all contributory factors to one's enjoyment. 10.VALLAANAI..etc - Singing His virtues,valour,victory etc are vital to a Sri Vaishnava as a means of pleasing other Srivaishnavas; as such it results in the service of Bhagavatas. These ten commandments (golden rules) are to be cherished as they constitute the acid test for testing whether one is really a Sri Vaishnava.16.NAAYAKAN
Thus in ten pasurams Andal woke up girls of differing natures and thereby all the girls of Gokula were woken up and they all proceed to Sri Nandagopan's mansion and request the door keeper to let them in. Cowherd colonies in those days may have contained only huts and Nanda's mansion may be a big hut,without a doorkeeper.And all this may be Andal's fertile imagination. But what she is doing is to tell us how one should enter a temple in Archavatara,and worship the Lord.Sri PARASARA BHATTAR in his SRI RANGARAJA STAVA lays down the procedure for temple entry based on this stanza.The door keepers are really our Acharyas.In our daily pooja we open the door of our 'koyil azhwar' (the box where the home idol is kept) by reciting the Acharya Parampara and finally this verse without fail. TUYOMAAY VANDOM - we have come with purity. What is the purity meant here ? Not the usual physical or even mental purity.The physical purity of cowherds is well known,say the commentators.The purity referred to here is the fact that they have come to do service to the Lord WITHOUT ASKING ANYTHING IN RETURN.Kainkarya itself is the end (Swayam Purushaartha) and is not the means to an end.This point should be ever fixed in the heart of a Sri Vaishnava.
Having entered Nandagopala's palace with the permission of the guards,the Gopis (Andal) wake up Nandagopa,yashoda, Krishna and Balarama,panegyrising their greatness. Nanda has placed his bed near the entrance for fear that the gopis,like Usha in the case of Aniruddha,may steal Krishna;especially as Krishna is more handsome than His grandson! Andal glorifies Nanda as a munificent donor of clothes,water and food; but we do not come across any such reference elsewhere.The commentator says:"As Krishna was seen giving clothes to Draupadi to save her modesty;water to the chariot horses at Kurukshetra;and food to his boyhood companions in the forest - it could be presumed that his qualities were inherited from His father." But the gopis are not here for these items; they need only Krishna (VAASUDEVAH SARVAM).Yashoda gave birth to Krishna only to make Him their husband; and being a woman she knows their plight.So they next wake her up. Sri Krishna in his past incarnation as Trivikrama had obtained Indra's kingdom for him.But the gopis do not want Him to do any such thing for them.It is enough if He allows them to do service to Him.Krishna does not respond. Realising their mistake in not approaching Him through Balarama,they do so now and ask him to help them as he had once done in the case of the gopis separated from Krishna when He went to Mathura.
This is a very important pasuram.Even after waking up all from Nanda to Balarama,when Krishna does not open His lips,they realise their folly in not waking up first NAPPINNAI,the chief queen and Purushakara (recom- mending authority) during His sojourn in this world as Krishna.They do it in this verse. Nappinnai is Sri NEELA DEVI,the other two being SRI DEVI (Rukmini) and BHOO DEVI (Satyabhama).Nappinnai's name is not found anywhere in the Puranas and in Sanskrit poems except in SRI YADAVABHYUDAYAM of Sri DESIKA,where she is referred to as Neela; and in the stotras of Sri KURATTAZHWAN.See also the "Taniyan" of Sri Andal -"NEELA TUNGA..." by Sri PARASARA BHATTAR. As we are sinners and the Lord is known for His "Swaa- tantrya" (acting according to His own will),it is necessary to approach Him through somebody who is very near and dear to Him and whose advice is infallible. Hence Nappinnai's intervention is is essential. She is addressed as Nanda's daughter-in-law,because she thinks that that is what gives her prestige and status in society.Sita,when asked by Hanuman said," I'm the daughter-in-law of Dasaratha first,and then only the daughter of Janaka." So to an Indian woman Andal's exhortation is: "After marriage a girl should always prefer herself to be referred to as the daughter-in- law of her father-in-law; which means that the welfare of her husband's family should weigh more with her than that of the family of her origin.This attitude would enhance her own prestige and bring immense joy to her own family." This pasuram was the special favourite of our Acharya Sri Ramanuja.He was in the habit reciting to himself Tiruppavai stanzas while he went for his Maadhukara Vritti (for collecting the alms the householders used to give) .Once just as he reached the door of his Guru's house he was meditating on this verse.While the last line " SEERAAR VALAI OLIPPA etc " was on his lips the door opened to the clinking of the bangles of the daughter of his guru.Sri Ramanuja thought that it was Nappinnai herself who opened the door and overwhelmed with jubilation promptly prostrated himself before her. The terrified girl ran to her father and narrated the incident.The guru TIRUKKOTTIYUR NAMBI exclaimed, "Jiya! were you reciting UNDU MADAKALIRU ? " What an understanding between the Teacher and the taught ! May that relationship save us all!.
A chola king who was constructing one of the ramparts of the temple at Sri Rangam found that the beautiful circular design was being spoilt by the house of a disciple of KURATTAAZHWAN called PILLAI PILLAI AZHWAN,and ordered it to be demolished.Sri PARASARA BHATTAR adviced him against it explaining that it it is not his rampart but the mangalasaasana (PALLAANDU) of the devotees which would ensure safety to the Lord; and also that demolishing the house of a SriVaishnava would be sure to bring down the wrath of God.But the king turned a deaf ear to this advice, and becoming furious caused trouble to Sri BHATTAR,as a result of which he had to leave for Tirukkoshtiyur.While he was suffering the grief of separation from Sri Rangam and the Lord,his disciple NANJEEYAR requested him to compose a song in praise of ANDAL to mitigate his feeling of sorrow.There appeared from his lips the 'taniyan' "NEELA TUNGA etc",which is the essence of the present paasuram (KUTTU VILAKKU). NAPPINNAI is lying on the costly couch along with Krishna. The cot stands on four ivory bases,the ivory for which was obtained by Krishna by his valorous act of plucking the four tusks from the murderous mighty elephant Kuvalayapida. Being the wife of a great hero she cannot get sleep anywhere else except on such a cot.The references to the various kinds of pleasures in this stanza is a suggestion by Andal that all gopis should get them in Sri Krishna's company and only for that reason Nappinnai is keeping company with Him."If you don't ensure this,you surely don't have mercy," Andal rebukes Nappinnai.
Despite the rebuke, NAPPINNAI was moved to pity by the wailing of the Gopis and getting up approached the door to open it.Krishna thought," Nappinnai thinks that my devotees are her own just as I consider hers to be mine.Hence she should not open the door and get a good name ,leaving me out.It is I who should open it." So He came from behind and lifting her up bodily threw her on the bed with Him.But the mutual touch was so pleasant to them that they promptly forgot all about themselves and the poor Gopis. The inner meaning of this high drama,as given by the commentator is that there is a Divine Couple who are vying with each other to look after the welfare of all of us (souls).Hence we have no cause for concern at all. All we have to do is to accept their protection. Andal says to Sri Krishna in this stanza: "You have on several occasions in the past dispelled fear from the minds of the Devas and rescued them from the Asuras. Now by delaying in granting our boon you are going to lose all that hard-earned reputation as a saviour.Note also that we are not asking you to become the target of the weapons of a Hiranya or a Ravana.We merely want to see you get up from your bed and grant us the boon of serving you.We are ANANYA PRAYOJANA ADHIKARIs.
NAPPINNAI opened the door and told the Gopis: "Know that I am one amongst you.Don't think I was keeping mum.I was just waiting for an opportunity to advocate your cause to the Lord.I will certainly accomplish your end." So she joins them.The Gopis now eulogise the Lord: "Your father Nanda's prosperity is immeasurable;his cattle-wealth is endless.It is sufficient if you understand our distress." The phrases UTTRAMUDAYAAY etc have double meanings: UTTRAMUDAYAAY - 1) You are perfectly described in a holy Scripture called Veda,which is unshakable,is not of known authorship,permanent,flawless and is an Authority by itself. 2)You have a very strong determination not to abandon those who surrender to you(as you exhibited in the case of Vibhishana). PERIYAAY- 1)Even those Vedas cannot fully describe you as you possess an indescribable greatness.2) Even after doing everything for your devotees you think you have done nothing for them;and that what you did was your own personal work.This is your greatness. ULAGINIL TOTRAMAAY etc.. 1)Vedas are rendered trust- worthy by your incarnations as Rama,Krishna etc. You have shown your form even to the lowliest among the low in this world. 2)You have a predilection for your devotees;you show this by going as messenger for the Pandavas and acting as charioteer for Arjuna.So much so that your 'Aasrita-Pakshapaata' (undue predilection towards devotees) became evident even to enemies like Duryodhana and Sisupala. SUDARE -1)while the lustre of all the souls who take birth due to their good and bad deeds gets dimmer with each birth,your lustre (SUDAR) gets enhanced each time, as your births are out of your Mercy (Kripa) for the distressed souls.2)By willingly subjecting yourself to slavery in respect of your devotees you enhance the lustre of your greatness.
Sri Krishna enquires with the Gopis the reason for their visit; and they reply: O Lord! even though you know very well that we have approached you as refugees,having no one else to give us protection,you have not condescended to cast your nectarine glances on us.We are born of a family (of Azhwars) whose constant prayer is for your Grace and that you you should talk to them by moving your coral- like lips.We,like vanquished arrogant kings,have cast aside our ego and assembled under your bedstead in search of refuge.Our sole ambition is to be the target of your merciful eyes.Your enquiry regarding the purpose of our visit appears to be a new practice in your relations with us.Know that we,who should be always united with you,are today pining in separation.This situation,which appears to be due to some curse,can be modified only by your nectarine glance.It is only for this cool look that we have come to you and not for any other favour.So open your eyes slowly and steadily look at us." This is the very pathetic but gentle and sweet prayer of ANDAL to Sri Krishna which would melt even an adamantine heart. NOTE: Each limb of the Almighty is capable of nullifying the evil effect of a curse as can be seen in these cases: 1.HIS FEET -Ahalya's curse by her husband 2.HIS KNEES- Nala Kubara and Manigriva ,sons of Kubera transformed into joined trees. 3.HIS THIGHS - Madhu and Kaitabha who were crushed to death by them 4.HIS CHEST - Durvasa's curse on Indra,removed by Sridevi who resides in His bosom 5. Now HIS EYES -curse of separation in the case of ANDAL
Sri Krishna felt sad on hearing this pathetic appeal from the Gopis who had come as refugees,when they were attendants of Nappinnai.He also recollected two similar incidents in His previous birth as Rama: 1)The Dandaka forest sages came and exhibited their bodies mutilated by the demons;and He had to apologise for His tardiness 2) When Vibhishana came to Him,He thought He alone was responsible for all the humiliations he had suffered at Ravana's hands. When this is His behaviour towards even men,what then to speak of women!So Sri Krishna consoled them and promised to do whatever they wanted.They request Him to stir out of His bedchamber with all splendour and grandeur.They had seen His sleeping posture,but now they want to see His grand gait as well as His sitting posture on His royal throne.(Ninravarum Irundavarum Kidandavarum). "Like a lion sleeping with a lioness in a mountain cave during the rainy season,you sleep with Nappinnai,being a jewel for Her bosom.Now O Lord,Awake and stride out". Krishna asked: " Do you want me to appear before you like RAGHAVA SIMHA or YADAVA SIMHA or NARASIMHA ?" Gopis replied : "We merely gave the simile of the lion to stress the fact that your greatness is natural to you,just as a lion cub even at birth is the king of the jungle and doesn't need any coronation.Further it is like calling you POOVAI PPOO VANNA when this comparison of your supreme bodily complexion to this flower's is unworthy and highly improper." UN KOYIL is noteworthy.In the 16th verse the Gopis said "NANDAGOPAN KOYIL" (Nanda's mansion).Now they say "Krishna's mansion".Strictly speaking to whom does it belong ? It belongs to both; just like the Hridaya Kamalam (heart of man) where both the soul and God reside;or like AZHWAR TIRUNAGARI which belongs to both Saint NAMMAZHWAR and the deity POLINDU NINRA BIRAAN.
In days of yore Arjuna ordered Sri Krishna,on the holy battlefield of Kurukshetra,to park his chariot in between the array of the two armies and the charioteer did so. So also now the Gopis earnestly solicited Him to walk out and embellish the royal throne by occupying it.He did it.When He stirred out all the Gopis with Nappinnai followed Him with prayers for His safety (Mangalaasaa- sanam)and when He sat on the throne held His feet with their very tender hands and pressed them to their heart and eyes with veneration.They beheld quickly the change in hue (i.e., the feet became very red owing to the strain of walking and being pressed by their soft hands gently). This reminded them of Sri Krishna's former heroic feat of measuring the whole universe with His very delicate feet.They thought they were also as cruel-hearted as Indra and the devas who never thought about His tender- ness (Saukumaarya). That Andal is the very worthy daughter of Periyaazhwar is proved in this verse.She says: " O Lord! you measured this universe for the sake of Indra,who was intent on getting back his kingdom;while Bali was after fame.No one gave a thought to your tenderness;so we have come to pray that you must be free from all evils. Ravana was worse; he had neither the generosity nor the aesthetic sense of Bali.Just like entering a cave and waking up and fighting a wild beast you walked to Lanka and fought with him.Hence we are afraid for you. That was when you were 37 years of age.What about the asura who entered the cart which was there to protect you,at the time when you were an infant and unable to distinguish between friend and foe? So we fear all the more for that. Then two asuras assuming the guise of a calf and fruit tried to put an end to your life.They were hidden enemies. We fear that all the more. These were evil acts by your foes; but what about Indra for whom you strained every nerve ? He suddenly became an adversary, for the flimsy reason that you consumed his food, and rained stony rain for seven days.You lifted up the mountain and saved the entire Gokulam. Mangalam etc.." UN SEVAKAME - only your (Krishna's) heroic feat.But it may be remarked that in this paasuram Andal has sung the glory of Vamana,Rama and Krishna.However there is no contradiction here because they were all His own previous births.Similarly her father Sri Vishnuchitta sings of them all - "Varuga varuga inge Vamana nambi.. kariya kuzhal..Kaakutta nambi etc." As Sri Nanjeeyar delectably puts it, "Both father and daughter had the habit of building dams after all the water had flown through to the sea."
Lord Krishna after hearing their mangalaasaasana said with a melting heart and an affectionate tone: "O girls! By your birth (as the daughter of Periyaazhwaar) you are ever interested in my welfare and pray for that.You have all come here braving the biting cold and unmindful of your health.Have you anything else on your mind except PARAI (accessories for the NONBU rite)?" Gopis replied: "We have come under the pretext of petitio- ning you for the accessories,but actually our request is for your Service only." Lord Krishna: " I may find it difficult to grant your request immediately.After all it is not all that simple. There may be so many impediments in the way." Gopis: " You were born as the son of Devaki and on the same night you became the son of Yasoda.To the former you gave the pleasure of giving birth to you(avataara- rasa), and to the latter the pleasure of enjoying your sport (leela-rasa).Having falsified Kamsa's evil intentions and you made them fall on his own head.All this you did because of your love for your votaries.So nothing is impossible for you.You can do away with all obstructions. The only thing needed is that you should have the mind to bless us with your Service."
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